Posts Tagged ‘inca’
It is always interesting to read how foreigners explore Peru and share their journey with the world. In a recent local Colorado newspaper “Summit Daily News” reporter Megan Wheat documents her trek to Machu Picchu. It was great to read how she summarizes her trip:
Our journey through Peru was simply put — an adventure. For me, Machu Picchu was the highlight, and provided education and exploration. In Peru, the culture is rich, the faces friendly, and the ruins and Incas who built them, wondrous.
To read about this reporter’s journey to Peru, and to get her great traveler’s tips, click here.
If you are into archaeology, ancient art, or history, this is a post you’ll be very interested in reading. An article in Peru’s largest newspaper today highlights relevant discoveries throughout 2008. Here is a list grouped by department that perhaps you might want to consider for your next trip to Peru. And once again, the map of Peru referenced in my earlier post will help in locating them and aligning them to your travel plans.
AMAZONAS (province of Utcubamba)
- A pre-Incan city was discovered by an expedition of local authorities. Click here to read my earlier post for details.
- Several ancient graphics, homes with ovens, ceramics, paintings, caves, thermal waters, petrified seashells, as well as a wide variety of orchids were also found.
- A pre-Incan cemetery was found including remains of about 200 bodies accompanied by ceramics in a cave 70 meters long and 15 meters wide.
- Another expedition reported finding a 670 meters-high waterfall named Lejía. The area will become part of a tourist site.
- A mummy (fardo funerario in Spanish) was discovered in the Historic Sanctuary called “Bosque de Pómac”. The remains belong to a royal personality of the Lambayeque culture who is holding a golden stick back from 750-800 AC.
- In this Sanctuary was also found the remains of a royalty member of the Sicán culture with a chest armour, golden vases and other ornaments as old as 1,000 AC.
- Two religious temples were found in the archaeological site of Collud-Zarpán belonging to the starting ages of the consolidation of the high civilization of the North region of Peru. Also, a mural with a spider-shaped God was also found.
- An ancient city of the Wari culture was discovered in the archaeologic complex of Cerro Pátapo, representing “the missing link between the ancient cultures of the Wari people and the earlier Moche civilisation [...] because it explains how the Wari people allowed for the continuation of culture after the Moche” as archaeologists explain. Click here to read my earlier post about this discovery.
- A total of 11 human skeletons belonging to sacrified women were found in the archaeologic complex of Huaca Chotuna. One of them included the low jaw bone of a fetus.
- A total of 277 bronze artifacts were discovered in the archaeologic site of Sacsayhuamán
- Two pre-Hispanic cities near the cerro Huanacaure were found which are considered to be major religious sites back from the Incas empire. Both ancient cities remained hidden for more than 400 years since the Spanish conquered the Incas, and was only heard about them through Spanish chronicles that date back from the 16th and 17th centuries.
- An Incan religious ceramic shop was also discovered in one of the Inca temples in Sacsayhuamán, as well as an Incan temple which remained hidden for centuries underneath soil and an eucalyptus forest.
- An archaeologic fortress named Manco Pata was discovered in the district of Kimbiri.
- John Rick, an American archaeologist, discovered an underground tunnel where religious offerings occured in the archaeologic site of Chavín.
- A gold necklace of around 4,000 years old was found next to the Lake Titicaca — perhaps the oldest gold necklace in the Americas.
- A religious center or cemetery for the hierarchy of the Vicus culture was discovered in the province of Morropón.
Seems to be a busy day on Peruvian archaeology. In Cuzco (close to Macchu Pichu), archaeologists have discovered hundreds of bronze artifacts that date back from the Inca empire, including 179 plumbs (cylindrical cone-shaped weights) of different types and 98 nose rings, as Andina reports.
This discovery would confirm the hypothesis that Incas had different methods of construction used to build their houses, and employed high-quality techniques to control vertical alignments of their buildings.
If there is one thing about Peruvian history is that it goes way back thousands of years BC. With the nature of Peru’s landscape being so diverse and the Andes mountains crossing it vertically, it is no surprise that once again an entire ancient city is discovered — check out my earlier post on a Chachapoya tribe ancient city found in Peru’s Amazon. This time is a city in the north of Peru called Chiclayo, as BBC News reports.
Archaeologists claim to have found “the missing link between the ancient cultures of the Wari people and the earlier Moche civilisation [...] because it explains how the Wari people allowed for the continuation of culture after the Moche.”
The Waris were the first strongly militaristic and urban culture of Peru who conquered the Moches by trying to enforce their own values and suppress local oral traditions and regional self-expression. The Wari empire ruled between approximately 100 AD to 700 AD – a few centuries before the Inca empire.
Here’s something to remember: if you get to visit Chiclayo, you will have a great archaeological and site seeing tour, but also one of the best beach areas and seafood in Peru!