Connect to Peru

Where Americans and Peruvians Living Abroad Connect to Peru

Posts Tagged ‘history

Newest Pre-Incan Museum “Huaca Rajada” Opens Nearby Lord of Sipan’s Tomb in Lambayeque, Peru

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top_lambayequeIn the northern department of Lambayeque, the newest display of Peruvian archeology just opened in a museum named “Huaca Rajada”, as Reuters reports. The museum showcases masks, ceramics and jewelry from the ancient Moche culture (prior to the Inca empire) which flourished on Peru’s coast from about 100 AD to 600 AD. Click here to watch a video with images on what you can find on your visit. And at the museum, there is an area where locals manufacture native-styled textiles for sale to visitors as souvenirs.

It is worth noting that the museum is located very close to the golden tomb of the Lord of Sipan — dubbed the “Tutankhamen of the Americas”.

These two sites – the new museum and the tomb – could be two great stops for your next trip to Peru if you are of the exploration, archaeology, or historian type. Once you get to the capital city Lima via its international airport, you can take a bus or fly to Lambayeque.

Here is a good site where you can get further information about where to go and what to do in Lambayeque.

And click here to watch a great video to learn who was the Lord of Sipan and why it is so important not only for Peruvian history, but also why it is treasured by historians from around the world.

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Written by Catherine Castro

January 29, 2009 at 9:09 am

Discovering ‘Lost’ Kingdom of the Ancient Inca

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machu-picchuThis is the title of the travel article in today’s Miami Herald. It includes a pretty good summary on the most recent developments behind the stories on how the Machu Picchu citadel was “lost” and rediscovered.

The article states:

For decades, the story has been that Yale professor Hiram Bingham, in a feat that smacks of Indiana Jones, ”discovered” Machu Picchu and its treasure in 1911. In fact, according to Beto Rengifo Solano, one of Peru’s leading archaeological guides, Bingham was led to the site by a barefoot, young boy. When he got there, four families were living among these grandest of Incan ruins. Its greatest treasure had long since been plundered.

A recent article in The New York Times goes one step further, reporting the existence of property records that show repeated purchases and sale of lands including Machu Picchu before 1911, and suggesting the possibility that a German logger may have made off with the site’s best treasures. Other early visitors may well have included a British missionary and a German businessman.

Click here to read the full article. The debate about being lost and its discovery might take decades, but as the article states Machu Picchu “itself remains an endless enchantment.”

Written by Catherine Castro

January 18, 2009 at 6:49 pm

Peru: A Premier World Archaeologic Discovery Center in 2008

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chachapoyas-peru-4_1126226ccity2If you are into archaeology, ancient art, or history, this is a post you’ll be very interested in reading. An article in Peru’s largest newspaper today highlights relevant discoveries throughout 2008. Here is a list grouped by department that perhaps you might want to consider for your next trip to Peru. And once again, the map of Peru referenced in my earlier post will help in locating them and aligning them to your travel plans.

AMAZONAS (province of Utcubamba)

  • A pre-Incan city was discovered by an expedition of local authorities. Click here to read my earlier post for details.
  • Several ancient graphicshomes with ovens, ceramics, paintings,  caves, thermal waters, petrified seashells, as well as a wide variety of orchids were also found.
  • A pre-Incan cemetery was found including remains of about 200 bodies accompanied by ceramics in a cave 70 meters long and 15 meters wide.
  • Another expedition reported finding a 670 meters-high waterfall named Lejía. The area will become part of a tourist site.

LAMBAYEQUE

  • A mummy (fardo funerario in Spanish) was discovered in the Historic Sanctuary called “Bosque de Pómac”. The remains belong to a royal personality of the Lambayeque culture who is holding a golden stick back from 750-800 AC.
  • In this Sanctuary was also found the remains of a royalty member of the Sicán culture with a chest armour, golden vases and other ornaments as old as 1,000 AC.
  • Two religious temples were found in the archaeological site of Collud-Zarpán belonging to the starting ages of the consolidation of the high civilization of the North region of Peru. Also, a mural with a spider-shaped God was also found.
  • An ancient city of the Wari culture was discovered in the archaeologic complex of Cerro Pátapo, representing “the missing link between the ancient cultures of the Wari people and the earlier Moche civilisation […] because it explains how the Wari people allowed for the continuation of culture after the Moche” as archaeologists explain. Click here to read my earlier post about this discovery.
  • A total of 11 human skeletons belonging to sacrified women were found in the archaeologic complex of Huaca Chotuna. One of them included the low jaw bone of a fetus.

CUZCO

  • A total of 277 bronze artifacts were discovered in the archaeologic site of Sacsayhuamán
  • Two pre-Hispanic cities near the cerro Huanacaure were found which are considered to be major religious sites back from the Incas empire. Both ancient cities remained hidden for more than 400 years since the Spanish conquered the Incas, and was only heard about them through Spanish chronicles that date back from the 16th and 17th centuries.
  • An Incan religious ceramic shop was also discovered in one of the Inca temples in Sacsayhuamán, as well as an Incan temple which remained hidden for centuries underneath soil and an eucalyptus forest.
  • An archaeologic fortress named Manco Pata was discovered in the district of Kimbiri.

ANCASH

  • John Rick, an American archaeologist, discovered an underground tunnel where religious offerings occured in the archaeologic site of Chavín.

PUNO

  • A gold necklace of around 4,000 years old was found next to the Lake Titicaca — perhaps the oldest gold necklace in the Americas.

PIURA

  • A religious center or cemetery for the hierarchy of the Vicus culture was discovered in the province of Morropón.

Written by Catherine Castro

December 29, 2008 at 7:34 pm

New Ancient Civilization Found, Now in Chiclayo

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city2If there is one thing about Peruvian history is that it goes way back thousands of years BC. With the nature of Peru’s landscape being so diverse and the Andes mountains crossing it vertically, it is no surprise that once again an entire ancient city is discovered — check out my earlier post on a Chachapoya tribe ancient city found in Peru’s Amazon. This time is a city in the north of Peru called Chiclayo, as BBC News reports.

Archaeologists claim to have found “the missing link between the ancient cultures of the Wari people and the earlier Moche civilisation […] because it explains how the Wari people allowed for the continuation of culture after the Moche.”

The Waris were the first strongly militaristic and urban culture of Peru who conquered the Moches by trying to enforce their own values and suppress local oral traditions and regional self-expression. The Wari empire ruled between approximately 100 AD to 700 AD – a few centuries before the Inca empire.

Here’s something to remember: if you get to visit Chiclayo, you will have a great archaeological and site seeing tour, but also one of the best beach areas and seafood in Peru!

Written by Catherine Castro

December 17, 2008 at 7:23 pm